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Minister of health in Venezuela Luis Reyes Reyes

Luis Ramon Reyes Reyes es un politico y militar venezolano retirado, que se desempena desde 2008 como Ministro de la Secretaria de la Presidencia de Hugo Chavez . Fue gobernador del Estado Lara durante dos periodos consecutivos.

Reyes Reyes ingreso a la Fuerza Aerea Venezolana en 1970 , apenas se convierte en oficial de la aviacion se traslada hacia Estados Unidos para hacer una licenciatura en Ciencias Aeronauticas. De regreso en Venezuela en 1977 viaja al Estado Barinas donde conoce a Hugo Chavezquien le cambio la forma de ver la vida y la historia universal. A inicios de los ochenta se traslada a Barquisimeto para estudiar administracion, al tiempo que se convierte en Teniente Coronel de la Aviacion. A partir de 1982 se une al grupo de oficiales que integraban el Movimiento Bolivariano Revolucionario 200 (MBR200), que comenzaba a conspirar para establecer un cambio en el Ejercito venezolano y refundar la Republica. Reyes estaria encargado de comandar la Fuerza Aerea en el movimiento insurrecional.

En 1992 participo en el Golpe de Estado de noviembre de 1992 en Venezuela contra el presidente Carlos Andres Perez . Fracasandos sus objetivos, fue condenado a 22 anos y apresado un ano y medio en la ciudad de Caracas siendo indultado por el entonces presidente Rafael Caldera .

En 1997 se suma al Movimiento V Republica con el fin de llevar a la presidencia de la Republica a Hugo Chavez, en 1998 Chavez obtiene el triunfo y Reyes Reyes es designado Ministro de Infraestructura, uno de los mas importantes del pais para entonces, porque incluia ademas las secciones de Transporte (de todo tipo), Comunicaciones, Turismo y Desarrollo Urbano.

En 1999 es electo como constituyente por el Estado Lara para formar la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente para promulgar una nueva constitucion . Para 2000 se presenta como candidato a gobernador por la misma entidad resultando electo y reelecto en 2004 .Entre sus grandes logros durante su gobierno en Lara destacan la conclusion de la Flor de Venezuela, la coordinacion y consecusion de recursos para la ejecucion del distribuidor Jirahara de la avenida Riberena, la conclusion de la Circunvalacion Norte, fue contralor junto a las comunidades de la ejecucion del Sistema de Transporte masivo TRANSBARCA que paso a manos del estado luego de ser un ente municipal para evitar retrasos y desvios de recursos en su desarrollo y ejecuciono, la construccion de mas de 120 nuevos centros de salud, consultorios populares y durante su gestion Lara fue declarada territorio libre de analfabetismo con la creacion de tres universidades publicas nuevas y mas de 1.500.000 soluciones habitacionales en los barrios mas deprimidos de Barquisimeto. El 10 de diciembre de 2008 despues de vencerse su periodo gubernamental es designado por Chavez como nuevo Ministro del Poder Popular para la Secretaria de la Presidencia.

Luis Reyes Reyes minister of health in Venezuela

HEALTHCARE FOR ALL VENEZUELA'S HEALTH MISSIONS AT WORK

Despite Venezuela's great wealth, poor and rural citizens historically lacked access to basic healthcare services. Constitutional reforms in 1999 made healthcare a fundamental human right afforded to all. To fulfill this mandate, thousands of community health clinics have been established throughout Venezuela to provide care and medicine to the country's neediest citizens. According to Venezuela's Health Ministry, more than 80 percent of the population now receives some form of government-sponsored healthcare. Another striking achievement has been the decline in postnatal mortality rates, which fell by 50 percent between 1995 and 2005. Venezuela now has one of the lowest infant mortality rates in Latin America, and is set to reach the UN Millennium Development Goals by 2015.

HEALTH SYSTEM FOUNDATION

During the 1980s and 1990s, the public health sector saw very little growth compared with the rapid expansion of its private sector counterpart. For example, only 50 new public health facilities were established in those two decades versus some 400 private clinics. This effectively ruled out the universal delivery of public health services. Moreover, during this period, public investment in health was on the decline. Health expenditures accounted for 13.3 percent of the national budget in 1970 , falling to 9.3 percent in 1990 and a mere 7.89 percent in 1996, representing only 1.73 percent of Venezuela's GDP. The World Health Organization documented the results, pointing out that between 1990 and 1998, Venezuela's impoverished population had reduced access to medical drugs because of cost-recovery policies. All drugs were sold through private pharmacies, with the exception of the most expensive treatments such as cancer medications and hormone therapies, which patients had the option of obtaining through private nonprofit foundations.

Venezuela is now undertaking an aggressive program that is changing the course of healthcare. Under Article 83 of the Constitution, which makes the State responsible for ensuring universal access to healthcare, the Venezuelan government has halted the process of privatization. Specifically, the nation's oil wealth is now being used to finance direct healthcare and an array of social programs known as social missions. Among these is Barrio Adentro, which provides free medical services to the population. In 2005 alone, the state-owned oil company invested $5 billion in the social missions. This figure is in addition to the regular budget of the Ministry of Health.

INSIDE THE BARRIOS

Mission Barrio Adentro (Inside the Barrio) began in 2003 as a humanitarian effort undertaken in Caracas with the assistance of Cuba. Since then, it has grown into a national public health program committed to wiping out the healthcare deficit through a partnership of the Venezuelan Ministry of Health, the Cuban Medical Mission in Venezuela, and the Office of the Pan American Health Organization in Aruba, the Netherlands, and Venezuela. Barrio Adentro began by necessity after too few Venezuelan doctors responded to calls to join a government campaign to provide care to underserved populations in impoverished neighborhoods. Because the Venezuelan medical community showed insufficient response, the government turned to Cuba, which is renowned for its medical missions, and has doctors volunteering in 69 countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean.

Barrio Adentro has already sent an estimated 20,000 Cuban doctors to Venezuela to serve in poor communities, sometimes even living with residents until a community health clinic equipped with a housing unit can be built. Moreover, thousands of community-based health committees have been established to organize door-to-door surveys to determine local needs and develop a comprehensive plan for health improvement. Since 2003, doctors have conducted over 40 million consultations, and health professionals have held millions of additional educational programs focusing on preventing high-risk behaviors and improving nutrition. By Barrio Adentro's own estimates in May 2007, almost 50,000 lives had been saved since the mission began. Record numbers of young Venezuelans are also training to become community doctors so that they can provide full care for their own communities. Some 2,000 Venezuelans were awarded medical degrees toward this effort in April 2007.

Due to the mission's great success, Barrio Adentro II and Barrio Adentro III have also begun. The first aims to make critical medical services available to the poor through the construction of high tech diagnostic and rehabilitation centers throughout the country, and the latter will expand the nation's public hospital system.

ACCESS TO PRESCRIPTIONS: THE SUMED PROGRAM

The SUMED (Distribution of Medicine) program complements the efforts of Barrio Adentro by subsidizing a national chain of pharmacies at which prescription drugs are 30 to 40 percent cheaper than market prices. The program focuses on distributing essential medications and vitamin supplements. Victims of AIDS, cancer and chronic diseases also receive cost-free treatment and medication. Now, more than 4,400 community health clinics offer 129 essential medicines and treat over 97 percent of the most common illnesses in Venezuela.

DIET AND NUTRITION

To confront poverty and hunger, the Venezuelan government created programs that provide high-quality food at low prices, using commercial and social food distribution networks to reach the poorest sectors of the population. The Agricultural Supply and Services Corporation (CASA) and Subsidized Price Food Markets (MERCAL) work together to meet the nutritional requirements of these citizens, which the Venezuelan National Institute for Nutrition estimates to be 2,600 calories per day. MERCAL, for instance, specializes in reaching Indigenous and rural communities through mobile markets, fleets of trucks that deliver food through rugged terrain in order to provide food at discounted prices. Today, over 8 million people are benefiting from a network of 6,000 markets that distribute more than 7 million pounds of food daily. Testament to the success of the program, an estimated 150,000 people living in extreme poverty in Venezuela are now able to eat a healthy diet each day at no cost

map of Venezuela regions

Venezuela is divided into 23 states ( estados ), a capital district ( distrito capital ) corresponding to the city of Caracas, and the Federal Dependencies ( Dependencias Federales , a special territory). Venezuela is further subdivided into 335 municipalities ( municipios ); these are subdivided into over one thousand parishes ( parroquias ). The states are grouped into nine administrative regions ( regiones administrativas ), which were established in 1969 by presidential decree; in addition, Venezuela has historically claimed and continues to claim all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River; this 159,500 square kilometres (61,583 sq mi) tract was dubbed Guayana Esequiba or the Zona en Reclamacion (the "zone to be reclaimed"). Name of the state and the capital:

  1. Amazonas - Puerto Ayacucho
  2. Anzoategui - Barcelona
  3. Apure - San Fernando de Apure
  4. Aragua - Maracay
  5. Barinas - Barinas
  6. Bolivar - Ciudad Bolivar
  7. Carabobo - Valencia
  8. Cojedes - San Carlos
  9. Delta Amacuro - Tucupita
  10. Falcon - Coro
  11. Guarico - San Juan De Los Morros
  12. Lara - Barquisimeto
  13. Merida - Merida
  14. Miranda - Los Teques
  15. Monagas - Maturin
  16. Nueva Esparta - La Asuncion
  17. Portuguesa - Guanare
  18. Sucre - Cumana
  19. Tachira - San Cristobal
  20. Trujillo - Trujillo
  21. Vargas - La Guaira
  22. Yaracuy - San Felipe
  23. Zulia- Maracaibo

Last update: 12 July 2010
   
     
   
     
 
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